In people with uncontrolled diabetes or folks that have had diabetes for a long time, diabetic retinopathy can occur. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the fragile vascular network that supplies the retina – the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that helps us see – begins to swell or leak. During the beginning stages of diabetic retinopathy, there may be no noticeable symptoms, so it’s important to have your eyes checked at least once a year, if you have diabetes.
Once symptoms of diabetic retinopathy do develop, they can include: dark or black spots in your vision, or blurry vision, and it increases over time. This is a result of swelling or bleeding inside of the eye, which prevents a clear image from being transmitted from the retina to the brain.
Whether you have type 1, type 2, or even just gestational diabetes, you are at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. The longer you have had the disease, the greater the risk. It is essential to keep your blood sugar levels under control to prevent vision loss, and this may require a trip back to your primary care physician.
Treating diabetic retinopathy can include laser surgery or injections to control the bleeding.
Did you know? We use the most up-to-date technology to ensure the best eye care possible.